Water damage can take various forms. They can take place in your walls, your basement, your kitchen or even your ceiling. But wherever they may take place, you will need to deal with them quickly or they will cause a lot of damage to your property. Such damages not only in the form of water damage, but also through the formation of molds and the spread of certain types of diseases.
However, it’s also worth mentioning that different types of water damage require different solutions as well as different types of equipment. Although it’s hard to get into details about the different types of water repair and restoration services, it is possible to discuss the general idea behind each type of service by focusing on the sorts of problems they are meant to solve. So if you would like to learn more about water damage repair and restoration then the following information may interest you.
Water Clean Up
Water clean up is the first and arguably the most important step in the water restoration process, as it is meant to quickly address (and contain) the most pressing problems facing your property and belongings. In worst cases, the water clean up process is meant to save your home from permanent damage, and other serious long term concerns.
This process will take into account the severity of the damage to your property, the amount of water involved as well as the duration of the water damages themselves. Because of these concerns, it’s not unusual for water restoration companies to first carry out a thorough assessment of your property before they can put together a water clean up and restoration plan. So as far as water clean up goes, it’s important to remember that it is only the first step in a much larger process designed to protect your home against the most serious effects of water damage.
Once the water clean up process is complete, pockets of moisture will still have to be identified and removed. Furthermore, areas where water may seep into your home will also need to be found and then contained, so as to prevent future water damages. And of course, repairs will have to be carried out in those areas of your property which have been damaged.
Water extraction is a simple process, or at least it is in theory. It involves taking all the dirty water in your home and putting it somewhere else. This sounds easy enough however, there are also other issues to be aware of, such as electrical wires and sensitive items for example, which is why water extraction often involves more work than most people realize.
This process starts with the use of a wet pump or vacuum to remove most visible pockets of water. The extraction process itself must be carried out carefully, so as to prevent serious damage to your property, and will have to be preceded by identifying areas that should not be exposed to either water or the pump.
Once the bulk of the water has been removed, what’s left are accumulated pockets of water which cannot be removed easily. These types of water come in to forms. The first type are those which are hidden in isolated areas, such as carpets and paddings for example, while the other type of accumulated water are those which somehow enter areas that are supposedly inaccessible. A good example of the latter is water which is found inside walls or even electrical wires.
Given the nature of these kinds of problems, they should only be handled by professionals with the right equipment. Thorough water extraction doesn’t just involve a regular pump, the entire process also often requires submersible pumps to get the water that regular pumps cannot reach. Other tools that may be employed for this process include moisture detectors, hygrometers, infrared cameras and many others. By using these tools, the water removal team will be able to remove every pocket of water from your property, thus ensuring the long term cleanliness of your home.
Carpet Water Damage
Carpet damage needs to treated quickly and thoroughly in order to completely eliminate all the lingering effects of moisture. Even those textiles that have been contaminated by water can cause the spread of pathogens and bacteria within a few hours if left untreated.
Also, the actual cleaning process itself cannot be carried out indoors, particularly during summer, as it will only add moisture to the area. In the case where the carpet includes track strips then they will have to be removed, cleaned and then reinstalled. On the other hand, if most of the padding is wet then the entire thing will have to be removed and then replaced to prevent extensive damage.
Aside from the carpet itself, the subfloor will also have to be checked for moisture as well, because different types of subfloors will require different solutions. For example, if your home’s subfloor is made of plywood then the wet carpet and padding will have to be removed in order to allow the area to completely dry. On the other hand, if the subfloor is a particleboard then it may need to be replaced, as they tend to disintegrate when exposed to moisture for a long time.
As for the carpet itself, the cleaning process will depend on how much damage it has sustained. A carpet that has been exposed to water can be cleaned using oscillating fans and air conditioners. However, this only applies to clean or relatively clean water. If the water is dirty or if the carpet has been wet for more than 24 hours then a more thorough cleaning process will have to be employed to prevent the growth of mold and fungi on the carpet’s surface.
If, however, only a small part of the carpet was exposed to the moisture then it can easily be rectified. The wet padding will have to be removed, and to prevent the bad odors, the backside of the carpet will have to be rinsed thoroughly with a bleach formula.
Finally, to disinfect the carpet, the bleach solution will have to be kept on the surface of the carpet for several minutes. Needless to say, because of the complex process involved in cleaning up moist carpets, it is best left to experienced professionals who are most suited at preventing damage to one’s carpets.
Despite the nature of the work, flooded basement are actually easier to deal with compared to other types of water damage. This is because most basements are easily accessible. Moreover, they also have access to apertures where water could be easily removed.
The first step in cleaning up flooded basements involve the use of sump pumps. The good news is that this is something that you can do on your own. Sump pumps are easy to find, and even easier to use. If you don’t have a sump pump then you can rent one at your local hardware store. Once you have the pump, simply put it where you need to remove the water and start pumping until most of the water is gone.
However, this is only the first step in the process. After most of the water has been removed, pockets of moisture will still need to be identified and dealt with, so as to prevent the growth of black mold. Additionally, if some of the plumbing items in your basement are damaged or are allowing water to flow through then these will have to be dealt with too, as they will only cause the moisture to return after a certain amount of time has passed.
Finally, fungicide may also be applied to ensure the basement’s sanitation. This way, molds will have no way to grow in your property even after most of the moisture has been removed from your premises. Fungicides are particularly important for basements, because these areas of the house often lack light and ventilation, thus making them more likely to facilitate the growth or expansion of mold.
Water Damaged Ceiling
Repairing water damaged ceilings is usually more complicated compared to other types of water damage repairs, mainly due to location. A moist ceiling is not only more difficult to reach, it’s also more vulnerable to damage compared to other areas of a house. Moreover, a ceiling that is damaged by water is also a sign that certain parts of your roof or attic needs to be repaired.
The repair process starts by identifying the source of damage. Probable signs of damage include unusual odors, bumps, stains, discolored growths and peeling ceiling paint.
Once the source of the problem has been identified, the next step is to dry the ceiling. This process is more complicated than it sounds, because the floor and furniture below the affected parts of the ceiling will have to be covered to protect them from water.
As for the drying process itself it involves drying the ceiling with fans, towels and vacuums. This process needs to continue until the ceiling is fully dry otherwise, you will be forced to cut out the wet sections of your ceiling, which will only add unnecessary expenses.
After the affected areas are dry, the repair process may now begin. The first step is to identify those parts of the ceiling which are either bulging or loose, and then scrape them with a putty knife or a paint scraper to remove the chipping surface.
After that, the areas between the clean and damaged sections will have to be smooth over with sandpaper. If there are any holes or major leaks on your ceiling’s surface then these will have to be covered with either drywall or plaster. All the remaining bumps will then have to be sanded down with sandpaper to make them even.
Finally, after all the water damage has been repaired, the last step is to prime and paint the affected areas. Naturally, the primer will have to be allowed to dry completely before the painting can begin, and this is important, because the primer will prevent imperfections from appearing through the paint. In the event of extensive damages, though, a larger area of your ceiling may have to be painted in order to prevent any unevenness in appearance.
There’s no question that repairing ceiling water damages is a complex process, which is why it’s important to hire a professional to deal with the problem. Unlike water damages to basements and living rooms, ceiling and roof related water damages involve a wide array of complications that require professional expertise.
Additional Services and Solutions
Aside from removing water and repairing damaged areas, it’s worth mentioning that water restoration and repair also involves other services. A few good examples include:
– Water and sewage damage clean up (for situations where water damage has affected your sewage line)
– Cleaning and Deodorizing
– Water Leak Repair
These services are important, but they usually come after most of the water damage has been contained. Even sewage damages, which are often seen as priorities, can only be performed after the most pressing water damages have been addressed.
The purpose behind these types of services is twofold. The first one is to prevent future water damage to your home by identifying potential areas of vulnerability. This is particularly true with regards to water leak repairs, which aim to repair damaged pipes and plumbing devices that could exacerbate or even cause water damage in the future.
The second purpose is to sanitize the areas which are most affected by water damage. Even after thorough cleaning, these places can still have a few lingering after effects. In worst cases, they may still be infested with bacteria, and in a best case scenario, they may only stink a bit. This where services, such as cleaning and deodorizing, come in. Not only do they involve the use of disinfectants, they may also involve the use of fungicides to keep the area clean and relatively pleasant.
Finally, it’s worth mentioning that most water restoration services also involve careful assessments of water-damaged areas. So aside from repairing your property, a professional contractor or company can also help you understand how to best deal with the problem.